Hair Fall – Diagnosis And Treatment
July 25, 2023

Melasma: What Are The Best Treatments?


Melasma is a common skin condition characterised by brown or grey patches on the face, particularly on the cheeks, forehead, and upper lip. It primarily affects women and is often associated with hormonal changes, sun exposure, and genetic predisposition. If you’re seeking effective melasma treatment in Powai, it’s crucial to understand the available options and take proactive measures to prevent and manage this condition. This article will explore various aspects of melasma and discuss the best treatments.


Can melasma be prevented?

While melasma cannot be prevented entirely, you can take steps to minimise its occurrence and severity. Protecting yourself from chronic inflammation is vital. Chronic inflammation can exacerbate melasma, so it’s important to manage conditions like acne, eczema, and rosacea that contribute to inflammation. Adopting a healthy lifestyle, including a balanced diet, regular exercise, and stress management, can help reduce inflammation and improve overall skin health. Also, melasma is triggered by excessive sun exposure, and using sunscreen can help reduce the occurrence of melasma patches substantially.


What sunscreen should melasma patients use?

Sunscreen is a crucial part of any melasma treatment plan. Look for broad-spectrum sunscreens with a high SPF (sun protection factor) of 30. Physical sunscreens containing zinc oxide or titanium dioxide are generally well-tolerated by melasma patients. Apply sunscreen generously and reapply every two hours.


Can melasma be treated?

Yes, melasma can be treated. It requires a comprehensive approach involving professional treatments, at-home skincare, and lifestyle modifications. Also, it is split into two parts: treating the symptoms, which are the melasma patches, and treating the source or root cause.


Common melasma treatments for symptoms (Melasma Patches Reduction)

  • Topical treatments: Prescription creams containing hydroquinone, tretinoin etc., are commonly used to lighten melasma patches. These creams work by inhibiting melanin production and promoting skin cell turnover. It’s essential to follow the prescribed regimen and use these treatments under the guidance of a dermatologist.


  • Chemical peels: Chemical peels involve the application of a chemical solution to exfoliate the skin and reduce pigmentation. Superficial peels with alpha-hydroxy acids (AHAs) or beta-hydroxy acids (BHAs) can effectively treat melasma. Deeper peels may be recommended for more severe cases, but they require careful consideration and should be performed by a qualified professional.


  • Laser therapy: Laser treatments such as NDYag and PICO NDYag can target and break up the excess melanin in melasma patches. Multiple sessions may be required for optimal results. Choosing an experienced dermatologist is crucial.


Takeaway message about melasma

Melasma can be frustrating, but with the right treatments and preventive measures, you can effectively manage and reduce its appearance. It’s essential to consult a qualified dermatologist who can assess your case and recommend the most suitable treatment options. By combining professional treatments, at-home skincare, and a healthy lifestyle, you can achieve even more complexion and regain skin confidence.

For melasma treatment in Powai, you can visit INURSKN, a trusted skincare clinic offering services tailored to individual needs. Their team of experienced dermatologists can provide personalised treatment plans and guide you on your journey toward clearer and healthier skin.

Remember, melasma treatments require consistency and patience, so stick to the recommended regimen and consult your dermatologist if you have any concerns or questions. Your skin deserves the care it needs, and with the right approach, you can achieve positive results in your melasma treatment journey.



The exact cause of melasma is unknown, but it is believed to be triggered by a combination of factors such as hormonal changes (such as pregnancy or hormonal medications), sun exposure, genetic predisposition, and certain skin care products or cosmetics.

Melasma can fade on its own, mainly if it is triggered by pregnancy or hormonal medications. However, in many cases, it tends to persist or recur without proper treatment and preventive measures.

Yes, specific lifestyle changes can help manage melasma. These include wearing broad-spectrum sunscreen daily, seeking shade during peak sunlight hours, wearing protective clothing and wide-brimmed hats, managing chronic inflammation, adopting a healthy diet and exercise routine, and practising stress management techniques.

Over-the-counter creams may help somewhat, but they are generally less potent than prescription-strength treatments. It is recommended to consult with a dermatologist who can prescribe appropriate creams and customise a treatment plan based on your specific needs.

 The timeline for seeing results from melasma treatments can vary depending on the individual and the severity of the condition. It may take several weeks to months of consistent treatment and skincare regimen adherence to notice visible melasma improvements.

Melasma treatments, when performed by qualified professionals and used as directed, are generally safe. However, disclosing any medical conditions, allergies, or medications you take to your dermatologist before undergoing any treatment is essential to ensure safety and efficacy.

 Melasma can recur even after successful treatment. To minimise the chances of recurrence, following a maintenance therapy plan recommended by your dermatologist, which may include topical creams, regular sunscreen application, and lifestyle modifications, is crucial.

While melasma predominantly affects women, men can also develop this condition. However, it is relatively less common in men.

Complete elimination of melasma is challenging, but significant improvement can be achieved with the proper treatment and preventive measures. Having realistic expectations and working closely with a dermatologist to manage and minimise melasma symptoms is essential.